Prediction of mortality in metastatic colorectal cancer in a real-life population: a multicenter explorative analysis.

Rumpold, Holger, Niedersüß-Beke, Dora, Heiler, Cordula, Falch, David, Wundsam, Helwig Valenting, Metz-Gercek, Sigrid, Piringer, Gudrun and Thaler, Josef (2020) Prediction of mortality in metastatic colorectal cancer in a real-life population: a multicenter explorative analysis. BMC cancer, 20 (1). p. 1149. ISSN 1471-2407

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BACKGROUND Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) remains a lethal disease. Survival, however, is increasing due to a growing number of treatment options. Yet due to the number of prognostic factors and their interactions, prediction of mortality is difficult. The aim of this study is to provide a clinical model supporting prognostication of mCRC mortality in daily practice. METHODS Data from 1104 patients with mCRC in three prospective cancer datasets were used to construct and validate Cox models. Input factors for stepwise backward method variable selection were sex, RAS/BRAF-status, microsatellite status, treatment type (no treatment, systemic treatment with or without resection of metastasis), tumor load, location of primary tumor, metastatic patterns and synchronous or metachronous disease. The final prognostic model for prediction of survival at two and 3 years was validated via bootstrapping to obtain calibration and discrimination C-indices and dynamic time dependent AUC. RESULTS Age, sidedness, number of organs with metastases, lung as only site of metastasis, BRAF mutation status and treatment type were selected for the model. Treatment type had the most prominent influence on survival (resection of metastasis HR 0.26, CI 0.21-0.32; any treatment vs no treatment HR 0.31, CI 0.21-0.32), followed by BRAF mutational status (HR 2.58, CI 1.19-1.59). Validation showed high accuracy with C-indices of 72.2 and 71.4%, and dynamic time dependent AUC's of 76.7 ± 1.53% (both at 2 or 3 years), respectively. CONCLUSION The mCRC mortality prediction model is well calibrated and internally valid. It has the potential to support both, clinical prognostication for treatment decisions and patient communication.
Item Type: Fachpublikation (peer reviewed)
Divisions: Ordensklinikum Linz Barmherzige Schwestern > Allgemeinchirurgie mit Viszeralchirurgie
Depositing User: Prof. Reinhold Fuegger
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2021 08:57
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2021 08:57

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