Conjugated bile acid replacement therapy in short bowel syndrome patients with a residual colon.

Kapral, C, Wewalka, F, Praxmarer, V, Lenz, K and Hofmann, A F (2004) Conjugated bile acid replacement therapy in short bowel syndrome patients with a residual colon. Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie, 42 (7). pp. 583-9. ISSN 0044-2771

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AIM To test the efficacy of cholylsarcosine (synthetic conjugated bile acid) and ox bile extracts (mixture of natural conjugated bile acids) on fat absorption, diarrhea, and nutritional state in four short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients with a residual colon not requiring parenteral alimentation. METHODS The effect of cholylsarcosine (2 g/meal) on steatorrhea and diarrhea was examined in short-term balance studies with a constant fat intake in all four patients. The effect of continuous cholylsarcosine ingestion on nutritional state was assessed by changes in body weight in three patients. In two patients, the effects of cholylsarcosine were compared with those of ox bile extracts. Because of the low incidence rate of SBS this is not a controlled study. RESULTS In balance studies, cholylsarcosine increased fat absorption from 65.5 to 94.5 g/day (a 44 % increment), an energy gain of 261 kcal/d. Fecal weight increased by 26 %. In two patients natural conjugated bile acids also reduced steatorrhea, but greatly increased diarrhea. As outpatients consuming an unrestricted diet and ingesting cholylsarcosine, three patients gained weight at an average rate of 0.9 kg/week without worsening of diarrheal symptoms. CONCLUSIONS Cholylsarcosine is efficacious and safe for enhancing fat absorption and nutritional status in short bowel syndrome patients with residual colon. Natural conjugated bile acids improve steatorrhea to a smaller extent and greatly worsen diarrhea.
Item Type: Article
Divisions: Ordensklinikum Linz Barmherzige Schwestern > Interne IV: Gastroenterologie & Hepatologie, Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Ernährungsmedizin
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schöfl
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2021 11:40
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 11:40

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